CTL Test Report 09-143 Electrical
Tests on Novinium 200 A Load
Break Injection Elbows,
August 26, 2009

  • IEEE 386™ compliance
  • Open port flashover performance
  • Reticular Flash Preventer (RFP)
NEETRAC Thermal Testing of Novinium
Feeder Cable Splices on Service Aged
750kcmil XLPE Cable Extracted from
the Georgia Power System

  • High temperature performance
  • Ultrinium® 733 fluid
  • Advanced injection adapters
NEETRAC ANSI C119.4 Tests of Novinium
Injection Adapter
  • Improved connector performance
  • Advanced injection adapters
RUS Letter Order Approving
Capitalization of Novinium Brand Product
  • Can Novinium brand injection be capitalized by RUS borrowers?
FERC Letter Order Approving
Capitalization of Novinium Brand Product
  • Can Novinium brand injection be capitalized?
Novinium Engineering
A Comparison of Rejuvenation Hazards
January 19, 2011
  • Hazard-by-hazard analysis of commercially significant rejuvenation technologies used for URD cables
  • Differences between sustained pressure rejuvenation (SRP) and unsustained pressure rejuvenation (UPR)
  • Differences between CableCURE™ fluid, Perficio® fluid, and Ultrinium® fluids.
  • Rejuvenation risk mitigation strategies
Novinium Engineering
High-Voltage Fluidic-Interface Test Report
December 10, 2013

  • What is a High-Voltage Fluidic Interface or HVFI?
  • What are the applicable standards?
  • What has been the actual field performance?
  • What do independent experts say?
What the Heck is Cable Rejuvenation?
  • What causes underground cables to fail?
  • What are water trees and why do they cause underground cables to become unreliable?
  • How does rejuvenation recycle scarce world resources?
  • For how long does rejuvenation work?
Improving Post-treatment Reliability: Eliminating Fluid-Component Compatibility issues

  • Fluid incompatibility with rubber components
  • Fluid loss when injecting through rubber components
  • An improved injection paradigm eliminates the issue
Accelerated Aging of Rejuvenated Cables- Part I
  • Proper method to estimate post-injection performance
  • Extensive data which validates life-expectancy
  • Life extension comparison : 732 & older technology
Accelerated Aging of Rejuvenated Cables- Part II
  • Proper method to estimate post-injection performance
  • Extensive data which validates life-expectancy
  • Life extension comparison : 732 & older technology
Further Improvements in Rejuvenation Technology

  • Post-injection reliable life comparison of chemical rejuvenation options
  • Improved flammability
  • Reduced electric exposure
New Developments in Solid Dielectric Life Extension Technology
  • 87-fold improvement in short-term performance
  • Much longer reliable cable life
  • Greatly reduced exposure to fire and explosion hazards plaguing older technology
  • Improved injection paradigm yields 3X less exposure to energized equipment
  • Improved compatibility with aluminum conductors
Cable Rejuvenation Mechanisms
  • Why solid dielectric cables fail
  • How silicone injection stops future failures
Choosing the Best Underground Cable Rehabilitation Option
  • Side-by-side feature and benefits comparison of all commercial rehabilitation technologies
  • How silicone injection stops future failures
Diagnostic Testing of Stochastic Circuits
  • Economic considerations before applying diagnostic testing
  • Thermodynamic considerations before applying diagnostic testing
  • Crow-AMSAA statistics provide inexpensive way to make informed strategic funding decisions for aging underground infrastructure
  • Predict future underground cable failures to target the least reliable cables for rehabilitation
  • Compare diagnostic testing economics against rejuvenation, replacement, or repair
History & Status of Silicone Injection Technology
  • For available rejuvenation technologies…
    • Compare safety aspects
    • Compare short-term reliability
    • Compare long-term reliability
    • Value including warranty provisions
Rehabilitation: The 3R’s
  • Integrated methods to provide greatest reliability with greatest capital efficiency
  • Flow through splices without safety compromises
  • Reticular flash preventer (RFP) eliminates flash-over risk
  • Elimination of soak period yields significant safety advantages
History & Status of Silicone Injection Technology with Bibliography
  • Historical progress of cable rejuvenation technology
  • Comprehensive bibliography of rejuvenation technology
  • Comparison of the merits of 3 commercially available technologies in the categories of safety, short-term and long-term post-injection reliability, and end-user value
Considerations for Injecting Cables with High Conductor Temperature
  • Supersaturation, over saturation, asymmetrical penetration profiles, and aluminum corrosion contributions to feeder failures of first generation rejuvenation
  • Perfect storm of vapor pressure and loss of physical strength at high temperature is a newly identified culprit
  • New generations of fluid solve all problems
  • Co-product fatty-alcohol of 733 fluid changes injection paradigm
Extending Power Cable Life an Additional 40 Years
  • Cable life extension mechanisms
  • What is cable rejuvenation?
  • What problems does cable rejuvenation solve?
  • How are cable injected?
  • Case studies in industrial settings
  • Reducing your carbon footprint
Advancements in 200-amp Injection Elbows
  • Evolution of low pressure injection elbows over two decades
  • Recent improvements which make injection elbows safer to use and IEEE 386 compliant
  • Mythology of injection and direct test elbows
Silicone Injection: Better with Pressure
  • Evolution of pressure in cable rejuvenation – moderate pressures have been in use for over two decades by several suppliers
  • Advanced formulations made possible with sustained pressure
  • Pressurized injection always outperforms low pressure injection
  • What pressure is too high?
A Comparison of Rejuvenation Hazards
  • Hazard-by-hazard analysis of commercially significant rejuvenation technologies used for URD cables
  • Differences between sustained pressure rejuvenation (SRP) and unsustained pressure rejuvenation (UPR)
  • Differences between CableCURE™ fluid, Perficio® fluid, and Ultrinium® fluids
  • Rejuvenation risk mitigation strategies Advanced formulations made possible with sustained pressure
Cable Rejuvenation Mechanisms: An Update
  • Why solid dielectric cables fail
  • How silicone injection stops future failures
  • Advances in catalyst that reduce exudation inefficiency
Considerations for Injecting Cables with High Conductor Temperature: Choices
  • Choices for rejuvenation fluids
  • Choices for rejuvenation processes
  • Choices for rejuvenation strategies
Neutral Corrosion – Significance, Causes & Mitigation
  • IEEE 1617™ IEEE Guide for the Detection, Mitigation, and Control of Concentric Neutral Corrosion in Medium Voltage Underground Cables
  • Define purposes of neutral
  • Consequences of neutral issues
  • Causes and mechanism of neutral corrosion
  • Significance of neutral corrosion in North America
  • Detection and mitigation technology
  • Cost-effective, reliable alternative to replacement
Advances in Chemical Rejuvenation of Submarine Cables
  • N-Rex™ submarine injection
  • Radial exclusion of water
  • Poiseuille’s Law application
Advances in Chemical Rejuvenation: Extending Medium Voltage Cable Life 40 Years
  • Side-by-side comparison of all commercially available injection technologies
  • Advances in condensation catalysts
Rejuvenation Reformulated
  • Formulation history of chemical rejuvenation – side-by-side comparison of all commercially available technologies
  • Advances in condensation catalysts
Environmental & Safety
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • Recycling cable in situ provides a net benefit to the environment
  • Fate of waste materials – proper disposal
  • Fate of the fluids in the environment – environmentally benign
  • No known carcinogens, developmental toxins, reproductive toxins, mutagens, tetragens
Novinium Safety and Health Policy

  • Novinium’s “below zero” safety policy
Novinium Quality Statement

  • Novinium’s commitment to quality
  • Consequences for failure to follow instructions